Prohibited Days of Fasting in Islam Law
In Islam, There are several prohibited days of fasting. Fasting is the fourth pillar of Islam and as a Muslim, fasting is obligatory. But, Performing fasting must be done with existing regulations. Beside the fasting Ramadan that is obligatory, there are several sunnah fasting that can be done by Muslims.
In Islam, there are also several prohibited days of fasting and fasting can not be done everyday because this has become a prohibition that is given by Allah SWT and His Apostle. Here we provide a complete examination about prohibited days of fasting in Islam.
- Fasting on Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr is a victory day for all Muslims in the world where they have been for one full month of fasting Ramadan. Fasting that is done in Eid al-Fitr is haram. Although there is no food, but it still not allowed to fast.
- Fasting on Eid al-Adha
On the 10th of Zulhijah is a feast day for all Muslims and at the same time, Muslims have to slaughter sacrificial animals and eat it. So, it is very prohibited to fast on Eid al-Adha.
- Fasting on Tasyrik day
Another prohibited fasting is on Tasyrik days that falls within 3 days after Eid al-Adha. They are on 11th, 12th and 13th of Zulhijah. From the history of Abu Hurairah r.a., The Messenger of Allah saw sent Abdullah bin Hudzaifah to surround Mina City and said,
“Do not fast today because it is a day of eating, drinking and dhikr to Allah.”
See also : Importance of Zulhijah Month
- Fasting on Friday with special
Muslims have a view that Friday is a holiday for Muslims, so Islam forbids us to fast on Friday with a special. If you want to fast, then you can fast on Thursday which is the day before Friday. Fasting on Friday is allowed if you want to do the obligatory fasting, qadha obligatory fasting, pay kafaroh or ransom and replace because you do not get hadyu tamttu.
Beside that, you are allowed to fast if it coincides with Daud fasting and another sunnah fasting such as Ashura fasting, Fasting six days of Shawwal and Arafah fasting.
See also :
- Fasting on Saturday
Beside Friday, Saturday is a prohibited day of fasting because it is a Jewish routine. The Prophet Muhammad saw forbids us to fast on Saturday except we are doing obligatory fasting such as Ramadan fasting.
- Fasting on Syak Day
Fasting on Syak day is a day where fasting is prohibited to be done. Syak day in on 30th of Sha’ban. It is an uncertainty about the beginning of Ramadan that has not seen its hilal. Fasting on that day is allowed if you do it for qadha Ramadan fasting and coincide with fasting habits such as Monday Thursday fasting an Daud fasting.
See also : Importance of 15 shaban in Islam
- Fasting for all the time
There is no advice for Muslims to fast a long year. But, as a solution, we are allowed to fo Daud fasting, one day fasting, one day break fast and so on. This is rukhsoh or the last relief for someone who want to do fast continuously.
The hadith about prohibited Dahr fasting or continuously that is aimed for Abdullah bin Al’Ash where in the history of Muslim mentioned if Abdullah bin Amr was weak because he did Dahr fasting, he regretted, he did not want to take rujhsoh and he was just doing Daud fasting.
- Fasting Women when Menstruation or Nifas
Women who are in a period of menstruation or Nifas are also prohibited to fast, even the law of women who perform fast during menstruation or Nifas is sinful. However, women who get menstruation or Nifas should also replace that fast with fasting on another day.
See also :
- Sunnah Fasting of Women without Permission Their Husband
Before doing Sunnah fasting, a woman who has become a wife must get permission from her husband first. If the husband gave a permission, then the wife may do sunnah prayer.
However, if the husband did not give a permission and the wife was still done, then the husband has a right to force the wife to break fast and it is not kosher for the wife who performs the fast without getting a permission from her husband because the right of husband is very obligatory to be done and it is fardhu for the wife.
While the law of fasting is sunnah and the obligation should not be abandoned for sunnah things.
See also : Muslim wife duties for her husband
Hadith about Prohibited Day of Fasting in Islam
The prohibition of fasting has been explained in several hadith below :
- From Umar bin Khathat ra, he said : “Indeed the Messenger of Allah saw forbade fasting in both holidays. On the Eid al-Fitr, you break your fasting and in the Eid al-Adha, you ate your sacrificial meat.” (Narrated by Bukhari Muslim)
- From Nubaisyah Al-Hudzali ra, The Messenger of Allah swt said : “Tasyrik days are the day of eating, drinking and dhikr to Allah.” [Mutafaqun ‘alih]
- The Messenger of Allah saw from Abu Hurairah ra : “If Sha’ban has been intermediate (has passed from 15th) then there is no fasting until the coming of Ramadan.” (Narrated by Sahih Abu Dawud and at-Tirmidzi)
- “There is no fasting for someone who fasts everyday without stopping. There is no fasting for someone who fasts everyday without stopping. There is no fasting for someone who fasts everyday without stopping.” (Narrated by Muslim number 1159, from ‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr ibn Al ‘Ash)
- From Abu Hurairah ra, he said : “Do not do wishal, do not wishal. Then one of the companions asked : O Messenger of Allah, do not you do wishal fasting? He said : I am not like you. Indeed in the night, I am given food and drink by Allah SWT.” (Narrated by Bukhari Muslim]
- “Whoever fast in a dubious day, then he means that he has disobeyed Abul Qosim, the Messenger of Allah shalallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam.” ( narrated by An Nasai number 2188, At Tirmidzi number 686, Ad Darimi number 1682, Ibnu Khuzaimah number 1808. Sheihk Al Albani said that this hadith is saheeh)
- “Do not go ahead of Ramadan by fasting one or two days before, except for someone who is accustomed to fast on that day, then fasting.” (Narrated by An Nasai number 2173, from Abu Hurairah. Sheihk Al Albani said that this hadith is saheeh)
Thus the complete explanation about several prohibited days of fasting in Islam with hadith. Hopefully our explanation can add your knowledge about the prohibited days of fasting. So later, we do not practice actions that have been forbidden by Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala and His Apostle.