Muslim’s obligation to other Muslims has been explained specifically in Islam. Indeed Muslims are brothers. If one of them is hurt, the other gets sick, too. So, we have to unite and do not break up. Well, here are some Muslim’s obligation to other Muslims in Islam that must be done according to the command of Allah Azza wa Jalla and the Prophet Muhammad saw.
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- Take the Corpse
When a Muslim dies, then the other Muslim’s obligation is taking that corpse to the cemetery and praying him. This obligation comes a big reward from Allah’s side.
As it is explained in the hadith saheeh :
“Who deliver the corpse until pray him, then for him the reward of one qirath, and who deliver the corpse until it is buried, then for him the reward of two qirath.” He was asked : “What is qirath?”, he replied : “Like two big mountains.” (Narrated by Bukhori and Muslim)
- Say Salaam
The next Muslim’s obligation to other Muslims is spreading the virtues of Salaam. When you meet someone on the street, as Muslims you should say Salaam each other. Saying salaam can come grace and strengthen ukhuwah islamiyah.
From Abu Huraira ra, Rasulullah saw said :
“You will not go to heaven until you believe. And you will not believe until you love each other. Will I show something that if you did it you will love each other? Spread Salaam among you.” (Narrated by Muslim)
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- Give Advice
If we saw our fellow Muslim who did something wrong, then our obligation is giving an advice to him. Likewise when someone comes to us. He was in trouble, he was confused and he wanted to ask for an advice. Then we have to give right advices according to the religious syariat.
Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said :
“A Religion is an advice : to Allah, His Book, His Apostle and the leaders of Muslim and the people in general.” (Narrated by Muslim)
- Accept Invitations
If we got an invitation from relatives, whether it is a wedding invitation, a reunion invitation, an invitation from science assemblies, then our obligation come to accept that invitation. The purpose is honoring the person who has invited us.
In addition also to foster bonds of brotherhood. The law of accepting invitations is not required. But it is sunnah muakkad where the sunnah is preferred. Therefore, we must try to come except there is an urgency business.
“Who does not fulfill (his invitation) then he has immoral to Allah and His Messenger.” (Narrated by Bukhori and Muslim)
- Answer the Sneeze
When we are sneezing, then our obligation is saying hamdalah as a form of gratitufe to Allah Ta’ala. While the listener is obligated to say “Yaharmukallah. Then we answer again “Yadikumullah”.
The Messenger of Allah saw said :
“If one of you sneeze , he should say “Alhamdulillah” (Praise be to Allah), while the listener said “Yaharmukallah” (May Allah bless you), then reply with saying “Yahdikumullah wa yuslih balakum” (May Allah give you guidance and fix your business). (Narrated by Bukhari)
“If he continued to sneeze and he has been prayed three times, then say the fourth “Aafakallah” (May Allah forgive you) as a replacement of saying “Yarhamukallah.” While if we heard the unbelievers sneeze and praise Allah, then say to him “Yahadikumullah wa yuslih balakum” (May Allah give you guidance and fix your business). (Narrated by At Tirmidzi)
- Love each other
Loving each other is a Muslim’s obligation to other Muslims, too. From Nu’man bin Basyir, The Prophet saw said :
“The faithfulness of the believers in their mutual love and mutual love as one body. When one part of body is sick, all members of body also feel, they can not sleep and have a fever.” (Narrated by Muslim)
See also : Importance of love in Islam
- Help each other in Goodness
As fellow Muslims, we are also obligated to help each other in goodness. For example dakwah, help when his friend distress, help activities in the village and many more.
Allah Azza wa Jalla said :
“And cooperate in righteousness and piety, but do not cooperate in sin and aggression. And fear Allah, indeed Allah is severe in penalty.” (Al-Maidah : 2)
- Cover the Shame of His Brothers (Friends of Family)
Every human has done something wrong. When we know a shame of our relatives, our obligation is silence. We should not spit it. Because we also have own shame. We are better improve ourselves rather than bullying others.
From Abdullah ib Umar r.a, the messenger of Allah saw said :
“One Muslim is another Muslim brother; because of that he should not persecute and silence him. Whoever concern his brother’s business, then Allah will concern his business. Whoever help the difficulties of a Muslim, then Allah will help his difficulties from several difficulties on the Day of Judgment. And whoever cover (shame) a Muslim, then Allah will cover his (shame ) on the Day of Judgment.” (Narrated by Bukhari)
- Call with a good title
Allah Azza wa Jalla said :
“O you who have believed, let not a people ridicule [another] people; perhaps they may be better than them; nor let women ridicule [other] women; perhaps they may be better than them. And do not insult one another and do not call each other by [offensive] nicknames. Wretched is the name of disobedience after [one’s] faith. And whoever does not repent – then it is those who are the wrongdoers.” (Al-Hujurat : 11)
- Smile when meet someone
Another Muslim’s obligation to other Muslims is showing a cheerful face when meet someone. Saying Salaam with a smile. Do not be surly. Smiling can bring rewards and strengthen brotherhood.
From Abu Dzar RA., he said that the Messenger of Allah saw said,
“Your smile in front of your brother (fellow Muslims) is sadaqah for you.” (Narrated bby Tirmidzi and Ibnu Hibban)
From Abdullah bin Al Harits in Jaz’i RA. He said :
“I never see someone with the most smiling beside Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘Alaihi Wasallam.” (Narrated by Tirmidzi)
See also : How to gain beauty in Islam
- Invite in Amar Ma’ruf Nahi Mungkar
Amar ma’ruf nahi mungkar, invite in good deeds and prevent evils is Muslim’s obligation to other Muslims. Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala said :
“The believing men and believing women are allies of one another. They enjoy in what is right and forbid what is wrong.” (AT-Tawbah : 71)
- Not Against or Envy each other
From Abu Hurairah RA. He said, Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘Alaihi wa sallam said :
“Do not you envy each other, cheat each other, hate each other, stay away from each other and do not buy things that other people are bargaining for. And you have to be brothers of Allah’s servants. A Muslims is a brother for other Muslims, then you should not tackle him, abandon him, lie to him and humiliate him. The Taqwa is here (pointing to his chest three times). Someone has been said to do evil if he insulted his fellow Muslim. Every Muslim’s blood is haram for other Muslims, as well as his treasures and honor.” (Muslim)
- Not Silence each other over three days
Among fellow Muslim should not argue and silence for more than three days, As it is explained in hadith :
From Abi Ayub al-Anshariy, indeed Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam said :
“No halal a Muslim silence his brother more than three nights where both of them meet then this one turns and that one turns away. The best among them is the person who starts to say Salaam.” (Narrated by Muslim)
See also : Importance of silence in Islam
- Be Humble
Another Muslim’s obligation to other Muslims is humble. You should not be arrogant, showy and envious. As the word of Allah Ta’ala in Quran :
“And lower your wing to those who follow you of the believers.” (Q.S. Ash Shuara : 215)
“And do not turn your cheek [in contempt] toward people and do not walk through the earth exultantly. Indeed, Allah does not like everyone self-deluded and boastful.” (Q.S. Luqman : 18)
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Thus some Muslim’s obligation to other Muslims in Islam. Hopefully we can become Muslims who are able to carry out these virtues. Amin ya Rabbal Alamin.