As Muslims, we are obliged to wake up at dawn to perform fajr prayer or obligatory prayer. But it must be admitted that most of us immediately went back to sleep after performing the Morning Prayer service. (Also read: 10 Effectual Dua in the Morning in Islam You Can Recite).
According to the fiqh perspective, there are several opinions regarding the law of sleep after dawn in Islam; the first opinion states that sleep after dawn is permissible in Islam. This is based on the absence of arguments that explicitly prohibit sleep after dawn.
Another reason is that sleeping after dawn is permissible if there is an urgent need such as not being able to sleep at night or insomnia or because there is work to do until dawn.
While the second opinion states that the law of sleep after dawn is makruh. The reason is that at that time, Allah SWT shared sustenance for His servants.
From the brief description above, it can be said that sleeping after dawn is not recommended in Islam because it can bring harm or bad effects to us. The effects of sleep after dawn in Islam include the following:
- Won’t Obtain Blessings
The time after dawn is the time of blessings and sustenance. If we sleep after dawn, we will not get blessings. The Prophet (SAS) prayed for the morning as a time full of blessings.
“O Allah, give blessings to my people in the morning.” (Narrated by Abu Daud, Ibn Majah, and Tirmidhi. Al Hafizh Abu Thohir said that this hadith is hasan).
- Inhibiting the Arrival of Sustenance
Sleeping after dawn is not recommended in Islam because it blocks the arrival of sustenance. Ibn Qayyim Al-Jauziyyah Rahimahullah said, “Sleeping after dawn prevents sustenance because the dawn time is the time for creatures to seek their sustenance and the time of sharing their sustenance. Sleeping after dawn is something that is prohibited (makruh) unless there is a cause or necessity.” (Zadul Ma’ad Khairil ‘Ibaad 4/222, Muassah Risalah, Beirut, cet. 27th, 1415 H).
- Not Getting Merit
Sleeping after dawn can also result in us not being able to obtain abundant goodness or merit. Therefore, this time must be filled with positive activities. Ibn Qayyim Rahimullah explained, “Among the things that are chaotic according to the scholars are sleeping after morning prayers until sunrise because that time is the time of harvesting ghonimah (the time of gaining a lot of good.” (Madarijus Salikin, 1: 369) (Also read: The Best Time to Study the Qur’an)
- Causing Laziness
Sleep can lead to feeling lazy and a habit of wasting time especially if you sleep too much. This was stated by Ibn Qayyim Rahimahullah who said, “A lot of sleep can lead to neglect and laziness …” (Zaadul Ma’ad, 4/222) (Also read: 12 Useful Tips to Change Undesired Habits in Islam).
- Cause Various Kinds of Diseases
Besides causing laziness and other bad habits, sleeping after dawn can also cause various diseases such as impotence. Ibn Qayyim Rahimahullah said, “…There is a lot of sleep which is prohibited and some can cause harm to the body. Morning sleep also causes various bodily ailments including weakening lust.” (Zaadul Ma’ad, 4/222)
Sleeping after dawn can cause health problems. This is because, in the morning, the body’s metabolism starts working and warming up.
When we sleep in the morning, the body’s metabolism that should start working becomes blocked and when we wake up, the body will feel weak or not feel fresh. One of the scholars named Ibn Qayyim Al-Jauziyah said, “Sleeping after dawn is very dangerous for the body because it weakens and damages the body because of the remnants (metabolism) that should be decomposed by exercising/doing activities.” (Zaadul Ma’ad, 4/222) (Also read: 12 Proper Ways to Use Your Social Media in Islam for Young People)