For Muslims, Friday is a holiday that occurs every week. Therefore, Friday is seen as having virtues and privileges compared to other days. From Abu Hurairah Radhiyallahu ‘Anhu, the Prophet Sallallaahu ‘Alaihi Wasallam said on a Friday,
“O all Muslims, in fact, this is the day made by Allah SWT as a feast for you.”
Because it is a holiday, someone’s death on Friday is believed to have its own virtues. As for the virtue of dying on Friday or the primacy of dying on Friday nights, among them are as follows.
- A Sign of Husnul Khatimah
A person who dies on Friday or Friday night is one of the signs of Husnul Khatimah. From Abdullah bin Amr Radhiyallahu ‘Anhu, the Prophet Sallallaahu ‘Alaihi Wasallam said,
“It is not a Muslim who dies on Friday or Friday night but Allah protects him from the slander (torment) of the grave.” (Narrated by Al-Tirmidhi)
- Protected from Torment of the Grave
The sign of Husnul Khatimah was to die on Friday or Friday night, which was agreed to by most people, protected from the torment of the grave. From Abdullah bin Amr Radhiyallahu ‘Anhu, the Prophet Sallallaahu ‘Alaihi Wasallam said,
“It is not a Muslim who dies on Friday or Friday night but Allah protects him from the torment of the grave.” (Narrated by At-Tirmidhi)
At-Tirmidhi related the hadith from Rabi’ah bin Yusuf from Ibn Amr bin al-Ash. According to Imam At-Tirmidzi, the status of this hadith was actually gharib and the sanad was cut off and it was never known to Rabi’ah to hear from Ibn Amr. However, a different opinion was conveyed by Al-Thabrani who stated that the hadith was mutilated or connected with his sanad. Al-Thabrani narrated it from Rabi’ah bin ‘Iyadl from‘ Uqbah from Ibn Amr bin Ash.
In line with al-Thabrani, Abu Ya’la and Al-Hakim Al-Tirmidzi related to the hadith with muttashil status. Even though it is connected to the sanad, Al-Hafidz Ibn Hajar states that the hadith is a hadith which is the meaning of the word. Meanwhile, Syaikh Al-Albani stated that the hadith was hasan or shahih by gathering all the lines.
- The Reward of Martyrdom
A narrative states that the virtue of dying on Friday is to get the reward of martyrdom and be safe from the torment of the grave. Humaid from Iyas bin Bukair stated,
“Whoever dies on Friday, he is recorded as having received a martyr’s reward and is safe from the torment of the grave.”
However, according to Sheikh Muhammad Anwar Shah al-Kasymiri, the hadith regarding the primacy of death on Friday is not valid. He also explained,
“It does not reach the authentic level, the hadith concerning the virtue of death on Friday, if it is assumed to be shahih, then the primacy not asked by angels is directed to the dead on Friday, not the person who died the day before and ended the funeral until Friday.” (Muhammad Anwar Shah Ibn Mu’azzham Shah Al-Kasymiri, Al-‘Arf Al-Syadzi, 2, p. 452)
- Good Impression
Most people consider that someone who died on Friday or Friday night is a sign of his kindness and glory. Therefore, if their neighbors or their families die on Friday, it will be considered as a good thing.
- The Best Time to Receive Prayer
Friday is the time of prayer. From Abu Hurairah Radhiyallahu ‘Anhu, he said, the Prophet Sallallaahu ‘Alaihi Wasallam said,
“Indeed, on Friday there is one important time if a Muslim servant performs prayers and asks for something at Allah at that time, surely Allah will grant it. The Prophet Sallallaahu ‘Alaihi Wasallam hinted with his hand describing at least that time.” (Narrated by Bukhari and Muslim)
- Friday is the Best Day
From Abu Hurairah, Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alaihi Wasallam said,
“The best day that the sun rises to him is Friday because on this day Adam was created. Today, Adam was put into heaven and expelled from it, and there will not be a Day of Judgment except on Friday.” (HR Muslim)
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