In science, moon is known as one of million stars in the sky. It also serves as satellite to the Earth. But in Islam, moon is more than that. The beginning of Islamic calendar is based on the moon’s cycle. Many of the important days in Islam such as Eid al Fitr, first day of Ramadhan, and first day of Islamic calendar also determined by the moon.
“And He subjected for you the sun and the moon, continuous (in orbit), and subjected for you the night and the day.” (Ibrahim : 33)
Moon can determine the change of days and months in Islam due to its changing shape from time to time. So that every phase of the moon’s shape marks different days, events, and month. Among the phases, full moon is the most important ones.
“It is He who made the sun a shinning light and the moon derived and determined for it phases – that you may know the number of years and account of time. Allah has not created this except in truth. He details for a people who know.” (Yunus : 5)
Seeing how important the moon is in Islam, it also brings big impact for our religion. Here are the effects of full moon in Islam:
1. Witnessing the Beauty in Allah’s Creation
Whenever we see the full moon, we can’t help but marvel at its beauty. Full moon appears like a bright, yellow ball hanging in the sky. It’s like a giant lamp spreading its light to the world. All the beauty is the creation of the Mighty Allah SWT. It makes us thankful whenever we see the full moon. Also read: Virtues of Rain In Islam
2. As a Proof of Islamic Knowledge
The phases of the moon are learned in science. However before knowledge improved so fast, the full moon has already written inside the Quran by Allah SWT. In the past, people may doubt about it but once it proven scientifically, all the knowledge in the Quran is true and that Allah SWT is the Creator of it all.
3. As a Part of Knowledge
“And the moon – We have determined for it phases. until it returns (appearing) like the old date stalk.” (Yasin : 39)
How moon change phases has written inside the Quran. This is very fascinating in the early development of scientific knowledge that many scientist learn about moon’s phase. Allah has made it so, so that mankind may gain knowledge through the moon. Also read: Obligations of Seeking Knowledge in Islam
4. To Determine the Lunar Calendar
All the important dates and events in Islam are marked by the full moon. The first day of Islamic year occurs whenever the moon become full and many more days such as first day of Ramadhan.
5. As a Natural Beauty
Nothing can describe a full moon but beauty. People marvel at it so much and they never get tired witnessing the full moon. The way the moon shine brightly in the dark, black view serves as a grand view. Also read: How to Gain Beauty in Islam
6. Radiating the True Believers
The difference between believers and non believers are easy to spot. Only the true believers walk on the Judgement Day with a shining face like a radiant full moon.
“Some faces, that Day, will be radiant, looking at their Lord.”Al-Qiyamah : 22-23)
7. As a Reminder to Worship Allah SWT
Certain deeds are best to be performed during the full moon. A scientific research has found that fasting in full moon could improve the physical health of a man. Also read: Effects of Not Praying on Islam
As narrated by Al Albani, the Prophet (peace be upon him) said,
“Fasting three days of every month (13th, 14th, 15th) is equal to fasting the life time.”
8. As the Sign of Allah’s Existence
No power in the world could move the moon and make it shine so bright on the night sky. It only proves that Allah SWT does exist and He shows it to us through all of His creation. The moon can change shape and going through phases because Allah SWT makes it so.
9. An Important Event in Islam
The first day in Islamic calendar occurs in the full moon. As all Muslims know, the first day in Islamic calendar was the day where the Prophet (peace be upon him) and his faithful followers did hijra from Mecca to Medina. Also read: Importance of Hijrah in Islam
“And (by) the moon when it becomes full. That you will surely experience state after state. So what is (the matter) with them (that) they do not believe, and when the Qur’an is recited to them, they do not prostrate (to Allah)?But those who have disbelieved deny. And Allah is most knowing of what they keep within themselves.” (Al-Inshiqaq : 18-24)
10. As Allah’s Blessing
“And He subjected for you the sun and the moon, continuous (in orbit), and subjected for you the night and the day.”
Allah SWT shows His blessing to human in many form. The full moon is one of it. While lunar calendar is defined by the moon and many other events are depended on it, full moon is simply the blessing from Allah SWT.
11. Reflecting the Face of the Prophet
Modern Muslims are not lucky enough to see the Prophet (peace be upon him) in person, so that they are always curious about it. However, looking at the full moon is the same as looking at the Prophet’s face. Also read: Best Dua of Prophet Muhammad
Jareer Ibn ‘Abdullah reported, “We were sitting with the Prophet, looking at the mon on the night of the fourteenth (of the month). He said, ‘You will see your Lord with your own eyes just as you are looking at this (moon), without any doubt that you are seeing Him.”
12. As a Shine of Jannah’s Residence
All Muslim who enters Jannah reflects the shine and light of a full moon on their face.
After knowing all the significant effects of the full moon in Islam, we are know aware that certain deeds are performed whenever full moon happens. Even though most of them are sunnah, but by doing so we can increase our faith to Allah SWT and make us a better Muslim every other day.