In Islam, marriage is one of the most sacred thing. It’s an important event in someone’s life, so it has to be as perfect as possible. A Muslim couple who is going to get married often choose mosque as their venue for akad.
As we know, mosque is the house of Allah SWT which is the place to worship and get connected to our Creator. It makes us questioned the law of married in a mosque. Is it really allowed or there are actually a law that many people don’t know about it.
Here are the explanation of the law, from various view and bases.
- Getting Married in Islam is Preferable
According to the majority of Islamic scholars, doing the marriage contract in a mosque is mustahhab or preferable. There are a hadith to prove that.
The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Announce the marriage and do it in the mosque and beat daff for that.” (Tirmidhi)
However, except for the part of announcing marriage, the hadith is categorized as da’eef or weak.
- Holding a Wedding Party is Not Makruh
In another view, as said ine Majma’ al Anhar, the best day to get married is in Friday, and it is allowed to be done in the mosque for contract validation. But they have a different view when it comes to wedding party or celebration. Also read How to Celebrate Wedding Anniversary in Islam
First, the law if holding the wedding party in mosque. But it becomes haram when the party is included something that is against the sharia and Islam in general.
- The Marriage is Better to be Hold in the Morning
In Nihaayat al Muhtaaj, it is said that it is sunnah to get married in Shawwal as well as consumating it. It is allowed to do the marriage contract inside the mosque. There are some conditions, though. First it should be done in front of many people, and second, the marriage should be held at the beginning of the day.
- There Should be No Disrespectful Acts
As there is not explicit prohibition of the law or married in a mosque, many Muslims still believe that doing it inside the most is allowable. But one thing must be kept in mind, the most important is that no disrespectful act or words to the mosque. Also read Things to Know About Marriage in Islam
Among the disrespectful acts that is not allowed is beating the daff, singing nasheeed, or making another loud noises.
- Quran Recital is Not Mandatory
In a marriage contract validation ceremony, Quran recital is a part of it. Listening to Quran is indeed a blessing, but it’s not mandatory in a wedding ceremony. It can be skipped or replaced by speeches or other things as long as it doesn’t violate Islamic law. Reciting Quran in a wedding ceremony is considered bid’ah or innovation by modern Muslims.
- No Explicit Law Regarding the Matters
Many difference on view and opinion about getting married in the mosque are due to no explicit law that has saying about it. No authentic hadith or Quran verse that stated certain law about a Muslim who get married in a mosque. Also read Laws of Rejecting Marriage in Islam
Islamic scholars also didn’t say that it’s haram, but there are certainly some rules to follow. As long as we do no harm in the mosque and not doing any forbidden and disrespectful act, it can be done. If someone is still not sure about it, then they can ask to a religious figure around them.
- Marriage Rituals Can be Done Literally Anywhere
As there are no laws that forbid marriage in the mosque, there is also no law about the urgency of it. The most important conditions for marriage are the groom, brides, guardian of the brides, as well as two witnesses to attend the nikaah contract. If those conditions are met, then a marriage can be performed right where they present at the moment.
They can hold the marriage in the house, while traveling, or any other places as long as the conditions are met.
- Fulfilling All the Conditions is the Most Important
Venue is not the most important aspect when two Muslims want to get married. Marriage can be held at any place if all the conditions are met. As well as there are witnesses to solemnized the marriage itself. It becomes clear that marriage can be held anywhere as long as the conditions are fulfilled. Also read Terms of Marriage in Islam
- The Couple May Decide According to Their Convenience
Where a Muslim would be getting married is absolutely on the couple. They can get married at any place they feel convenience in. They can get married in their house, in a mosque, or any other venue. Also read 12Types of Mahr in Islam
Conditions to Meet in Islamic Marriage
The validation of nikah is depended on whether the conditions are met or not. Here are the most important conditions to be fulfilled in order to hold marriage.
- The man and woman must be willing to get married. A marriage cannot be held when two person are against it.
- Nikah can’t be held in secrecy. It must be announced to so that it can be performed.
- Mahr or dowry is another condition in an Islamic marriage. Mahr is vary according to the capability of the groom. It’s a natural gift to the bride.
After reading the explanation on law of getting married in a mosque, we know that is doesn’t has to be held in the mosque. Another places is also good as long as the conditions are met.
The Messenger of Allah says:
“There is no marriage without a supervisor (Wali) and two reliable witnesses. A marriage performed without these is void. If they couldn’t agree, the authorized officials are the supervisor.” (Abu Dawood)