In Islam has some rules that are sunnah when about to sleep, such as things that should not be done, the recommended prayers and good sleeping position. There are also good sleep times to do and not well done at certain times. Everything will be discussed in this article
In the daily life of man, sleep is one process to rest and also keep the energy to stay healthy and fit. Many body problems and also the detoxification process occurs during sleep.
For that, the sleep process becomes part of the biological mechanism in the human body. Not only in the biological point of view, it turns out that long before many biological sciences appeared in the world, Islam has already talked about sleep. It is as in the Qur’an.
“And among His signs is your sleep in the night and the day and your search for some of His bounty. There is indeed a sign for the hearing. “(Surat ar-Ruum: 23).
In the above verse it is explained that our sleep in day or night is part of God’s power. Precisely God provides an opportunity for people to rest sleep at night while trying in the morning. Sleeping system like this is God created according to the system of life on earth.
Morning or afternoon sun is still very strong and visible light, then provide energy for plants photosynthesize, irradiating humans so they can actively engage in activities. Here are some sleep advice in Islam:
1. Sleep at Early Night
The noble companion of Ibn Abbas once said:
“Once I spent the night at my aunt Muimunah’s house to see how his prayers of Rusulullah, he talked for a while with his wife, then slept”.
In the hadith it is explained that the Prophet did not sleep late at night. He slept early in the night and of course woke up again in 1/3 night to perform tahajud prayer. Apart from sleeping early in the night can be save to build in 1/3 nights, of course it has a function to health.
Someone who sleeps late at night will disrupt the mechanism of his body. The body above 23:00 o’clock has proceeded to detoxify the toxins, perform the process of resting the body, including the heart as a vital organ should be resting from solid activity. If during the night is still awake, of course, will damage the natural process.
2. No Sleep Before Pray Isha
Based on the hadith: From Abu Barzah that the Messenger of Allah hated sleep before isya ‘and chatted afterwards.
This we can see in everyday life, that people who sleep before praying isha will surely pass the time isha and woke up during the morning prayer. For that, before going to sleep then obligated to pray isha even can not sleep before performing prayer isha. There is no guarantee after sleep can still be awakened to complete prayer or directly meet dawn prayer. [AdSense-B]
From Baro ‘Bin’ Azib that the Messenger of Allah said:
“If you want to go to bed, then ablution like ablution you to pray”.
From the hadith, a high priest gives an interpretation. Imam Nawawi said:
“This Hadith contains the advice of ablution when going to sleep, if someone has had ablution then it has been sufficient, because the intent of it all is sleeping in holy state of death fetching him at once, another purpose by doing ablution can keep away self from the disturbance of devil and the fear of sleep. “
4. Clean the Bed
Based on the hadith: From Abu Hurairah that the Messenger of Allah said:
“If one of you is going to sleep then take his bed with the tip of the holster, for indeed he does not know what will happen to him”
5. Lying to the Right Side
[AdSense-A] From Ibn Qoyim Al Jauziyah,
“The Prophet slept with his right hand and placed his right hand under his right cheek”
Sleeping facing right according to research is good sleep because it protects the work of vital organs like heart, liver, and kidney.
6. It is advisable to Introspect Before Bed
Introspective (muhasabah) just before bed. It is very advisable for every Muslim muha-sabah (introspective) just before bed, valuing all the actions he has done in the daytime. Then if he gets his good deed then should praise to Allah Subhannahu wa Ta’ala and if on the contrary then should immediately plead His forgiveness, return and repent to Him.
7. Reading Dua Before Sleep
“Bismikaallahumma ahya wa bismika wa amuut”.
Which means: By calling Your name O God, I die and I live.
8. When Restless
If you feel anxious, worried, fearful when sleeping at night or feeling lonely then it is advisable for him to pray as follows:
“A’udzu bikalimaatillahi attammati min ghadhabihi wa ‘iqaabihi wa syarri’ ibaadihi wa min hamazaatisysyayaathiin wa ayyahdhuruun.”
“I take refuge with the perfect words of Allah from His wrath, His punishment, from the wickedness of His servants, from the temptations of the devils and from their coming to me. “(Narrated by Abu Dawud No. 3893, At-Tirmidhi No. 3528 and others).
9. Not Allowed Naked
At the time of sleep should not be naked based on the following hadith:
“Not allowed to sleep just by wearing a blanket, without wearing anything clothes”. (Muslim).
10. Fellow Gender, No Sleep One Blanket
Men with women or men with women should not sleep in a blanket like the following hadith:
“It is not permissible for men to sleep together (as well as women) in one blanket”. (Muslim).
11. Makruh Sleep on His Stomach
Abu Dhar al-Raheeeahu anhu said: The Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa Salam passed by me, at that time I was lying on his stomach. So the Prophet awakened me with his foot as he said:
“O Junaidab (Abu Dhar’s call), actually lying like this (prone) is the way of lying dwellers of hell.” (H.R. Ibn Majah and judged sahih by Al-Albani).
12. Makruh if Sleep with topless
Because in the hadith sourced from `Ali ibn Shyaiban mentioned that the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa Salam has said: Whoever sleeps on the roof of the house that no cover, then the guarantee is lost from him. (Narrated by Al-Bukhari in al-Adab al-Mufrad, and judged by Al-Albani).
13. Closes Doors, Windows and Extinguishes fire and Lights Before Going to Bed
From Jabir Radhiallaahu anhu narrated that actually the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: Turn off the lights at night what if you will sleep, close the door, seal the vessels and cover the food and drink. (Muttafaq `alaih) [AdSense-C]
- Sleeping for a while during The Day
Qailulah (القيلولة) is to sleep briefly in the middle of the day, about 20-30 minutes before Dhuhr prayer time.
In the dictionary Lisanul Arabic explained the meaning of qailulah in language,
القيلولة نومة نصف النهار
“Qailulah is sleeping in mid afternoon”
Rasulullah Saw advised his people to sleep during the day so that at night (midnight) can wake up to perform the night prayer (tahajud prayer).
“Sleep forever during the day, because the devil does not take a nap for a while”. (Abu Nu’aim from Anas r.a.)
15. After Waking up, It was Wiped The Bedding on The Face and Hands
“So the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) came down from his sleep and then sat down while wiping his face with his hands.” [HR. Muslim No. 763 (182)]
Those are complete explanation about rules of sleeping in Islam. Hope it will be useful.