Fasting is one of the Sunnah of worship are recommended. According to the understanding, fasting is to refrain from hunger and thirst, as well as from all things that are able to cancel fasting from sunrise to sunset. The benefits of fasting are more than just resting the stomach. But more than that, fasting can be a suggestion to trains yourself to be more patient and simpler.
If fasting is obliged to be carried out during the month of Ramadhan, this sunnah fasting can be carried out on ordinary days for which there is no prohibition to fast. One of them is the month of Muharram. Sunnah fasting is a practice in the special month of Muharram.
From Abu Hurairah RA said, Rasulullah SAW said:
أَفْضَلُ الصِّيَامِ بَعْدَ رَمَضَانَ شَهْرُ اللَّهِ الْمُحَرَّمُ ، وَأَفْضَلُ الصَّلَاةِ بَعْدَ الْفَرِيضَةِ صَلَاةُ اللَّيْلِ
“The most important fast after Ramadan is fasting in the month of Allah (syahrullah) Muharram. Whereas the evening prayer is the most important prayer after the fard prayer” (HR. Muslim, no. 1982).
So, what are the kinds of Sunnah fasts in the Muharram Month?
Check out the following in full!
Fasting Sunnah Monday Thursday
Monday Thursday sunnah fasting is fasting which is carried out on Monday and Thursday in every week. Except the day coincides with Eid al-Fitr, Eid al-Adha and Tasyrik which are forbidden to fast.
The virtue of fasting Monday Thursday is in the following argument.
From ‘Aisyah radhiyallahu‘ anha, he said,
إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ –صلى الله عليه وسلم– كَانَ يَتَحَرَّى صِيَامَ الاِثْنَيْنِ وَالْخَمِيسِ.
“Rasulullah sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam used to make fasting choices on Mondays and Thursdays.” (Narrated by An Nasai no. 2362 and Ibn Majah no. 1739. All Hafizh Abu Thohir said that this hadith was hasan. Shaykh Al Albani said that this hadith sah)
Fasting Tasu’a falls on the 9th of Muharram and Fasting ‘Ashura falls on the 10th of Muharram. Both of them are the sunnah fasting which is highly recommended by the Rasulullah sallallaahu alayhi wasallam. Fasting Tasu’a is to againts the fasting of the book expert. Whereas fasting y Ashura can erase sins a year ago. As stated in the following hadith.
Narrated by Ibn Abbas RA, he said, “When the Prophet Muhammad fasted on the day of ‘Ashura and ordered the Companions to fast on that day, they commented,’ O Rasulullah, truly the day ‘Ashura is a day that is glorified by Jews and Christians.’ Rasulullah SAW also replied, ‘Then, next year, God willing, we will fast on the ninth day’. And the year is yet to come, but the Prophet (SAS) has passed away “(HR. Muslim no. 1916).
The argument about the virtue of Fasting ‘Ashura is as follows.
The Messenger of Allaah ‘alayhi wasallam said,
صِيَامُ يَوْمِ عَاشُورَاءَ أَحْتَسِبُ عَلَى اللَّهِ أَنْ يُكَفِّرَ السَّنَةَ الَّتِي قَبْلَهُ
“”Fasting today‘ Ashura, truly I hope to God to wash away sins a year ago” (HR. Muslim no. 1975).
وَسُئِلَ عَنْ صَوْمِ يَوْمِ عَاشُورَاءَ؟ فَقَالَ يُكَفِّرُ السَّنَةَ الْمَاضِيَةَ
“From Abu Qatadah Al-Ansari RA, Rasulullah SAW was asked about the fast of the day ‘Ashura, so he said:” Fasting ‘Ashura can wash away small sins a year ago” (HR. Muslim no. 1162).
That’s some recommended sunnah fasting in the month of Muharram. May we all be able to practice it well. We should study the terms and conditions before run the sunnah fasting so that it does not become a kind of futile charity in Islam.
It would be better if you started this month of Muharram by reading the early prayers of Muharram and multiplying good deeds.