One of many months in the Hijriah year which is glorified by Allah Subhanahu wa ta’ala is the month of Muharram. On this month, in addition it is recommended to achieve the reward of those who sympathize orphans, Muslims are also encouraged to fast sunnah.
There are some sunnah fasting that can be run namely fasting on Mondays and Thursdays, Tasu’a Fasting and Fasting ‘Ashura. Each type of sunnah fasting has their own extraordinary benefits.
What are the benefits of fasting Sunnah in the month of Muharram?
Read this for brief explanation
Fasting Monday Thursday
Actually fasting on Mondays and Thursdays this can be done at any time while in the permissibility of fasting. However, there is no harm if we review in practice sunnah in the month of Muharram.
From Abu Hurairah radhiyallahu ‘anhu, the Rasulullah sallallaahu‘ alayhi wa sallam said
تُعْرَضُ الأَعْمَالُ يَوْمَ الاِثْنَيْنِ وَالْخَمِيسِ فَأُحِبُّ أَنْ يُعْرَضَ عَمَلِى وَأَنَا صَائِمٌ
“There various practices are presented (to Allah) on Mondays and Thursdays, so I like it when my deeds are confronted while I am fasting.” (HR. Tirmidhi no. 747. At Tirmidhi said that this hadith was hasan ghorib. saheeh lighoirihi (saheeh seen from other paths. See Shahih At Targhib wa At Tarhib no. 1041)
From ‘Aisyah, he said,
إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ -صلى الله عليه وسلم- كَانَ يَتَحَرَّى صِيَامَ الاِثْنَيْنِ وَالْخَمِيسِ
” Rasulullah sallallaahu‘ alayhi wa sallam used to put choice fasting on Monday and Thursday.” (HR. An Nasai no. 2360 and Ibn Majah no. 1739. Shaykh Al Albani said that this hadith is authentic. See Shahihul Jaami’ no. 4897)
One of the benefits of the virtue of fasting on Mondays and Thursdays that is closer to Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala.
Fasting Tasu’a and ‘Ashura
The specialty of the month of Muharram is for their suggestion Tasu’a Fasting and Fasting ‘Ashura, which falls on the 9th and 10th of Muharram. In 2019, this sunnah fast was held on 9 and 10 September 2019.
عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ رَضِيَ الله عَنْهُمَا، قَالَ: قَدِمَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى الله عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ المَدِينَةَ فَرَأَى اليَهُودَ تَصُومُ يَوْمَ عَاشُورَاءَ، فَقَالَ: «مَا هَذَا؟»، قَالُوا: هَذَا يَوْمٌ صَالِحٌ هَذَا يَوْمٌ نَجَّى الله بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ مِنْ عَدُوِّهِمْ، فَصَامَهُ مُوسَى، قَالَ: «فَأَنَا أَحَقُّ بِمُوسَى مِنْكُمْ»، فَصَامَهُ، وَأَمَرَ بِصِيَامِهِ
From Ibn Abbas radhiyallahu ‘anhuma said:” Rasulullah sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa salam arrived in Medina, then he saw the Jews fasting on the day‘ Ashura. He asked them: “What’s going on here?”
They answered, “This is a good day. On this day Allah saved the Children of Israel from their enemies. So the Prophet Musa fasted today. “
Rasulullah sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa salam said,” I am more worthy of the prophet Musa than you. “So he fasted‘ Ashura and ordered the Companions to fast ‘Ashura.” (Narrated by Bukhari no. 2204 and Muslim no. 1130)
As stated in the argument above, the virtue of Fasting Tasua is to exclude Jews. Because at the time of prophecy, the Jews have a habit of fasting on the 10th of Muharram only.
After running Fasting Tasua, also recommended to continue the practice sunnah fasting ‘Ashura. There is a special glory for those who run it, the reward of being able to wash away sins a year ago, as stated in the following argument.
Abu Qotadah Al Anshoriy said, “Rasulullah sallallaahu‘ alaihi wa sallam was asked about the virtues of fasting Arafah? He answered, Arafat Fasting will erase sins a year ago and a year to come. He was also asked about the privilege of Ashura fasting, and he replied, Ashura Fasting will erase sins a year ago. “(HR. Muslim no. 1162).
That is a review of the benefits of fasting the sunnah in the month of Muharram that you can find out. May Allah give us the opportunity to practice it. Aamiin