Islam is one of the greatest religions in the world. In carrying out his deeds, Islam strongly prioritizes the peace and goodness of the common people. Islam has a foundation in running all its activities, namely Al-Quran and Hadist. In that foundation, there is an order from Allah Almighty that mankind may believe in the signs of Allah’s greatness. When a Muslim has performed all the commandments of God, and he believes with his words and deeds that “there is no god but God”. Therefore, Islam requires Muslims to practice the “Pillars of Faith”. Running the pillars of Faith is one proof of the devotion of a Muslim to Allah SWT and getting closer to Allah SWT.
Here are the verses in the Qur’an that describe the Pillars of Faith:
O you who have believed, believe in Allah and His Messenger and the Book that He sent down upon His Messenger and the Scripture which He sent down before. And whoever disbelieves in Allah, His angels, His books, His messengers, and the Last Day has certainly gone far astray. (An-Nisa 4:136)
Righteousness is not that you turn your faces toward the east or the west, but [true] righteousness is [in] one who believes in Allah, the Last Day, the angels, the Book, and the prophets and gives wealth, in spite of love for it, to relatives, orphans, the needy, the traveler, those who ask [for help], and for freeing slaves; [and who] establishes prayer and gives zakah; [those who] fulfill their promise when they promise; and [those who] are patient in poverty and hardship and during battle. Those are the ones who have been true, and it is those who are the righteous. (Al-Baqarah 2:177)
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Pillar of Faith consists of 6, namely:
1. Faith to Allah SWT
Faith in Allah SWT means justification by heart, spoken in verbal, and proved by the act that Allah Almighty exists with all His perfection, including the attributes of Allah SWT (Asmaul Husna). All three are. The condition for our worship is accepted by Allah SWT. Believing in Allah Almighty has a function to placate life and save human life in the world and the hereafter. Muslims who have high faith in Allah will do good and good deeds, and are afraid to do acts that can lead to sin.
This is the Quranic proof that explains the Faith to Allah SWT:
Say (O Muslims), “We have believed in Allah, and whatever has been sent down to us, and whatever was sent down to Ibrahim, and Shuaayb, and Ishaq and Yaaqub (Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac and Jacob, respectively) and the Grandsons, (i.e., the Tribes) and whatever was brought down to Musa and Isa, (Moses and Jesus, respectively) and whatever was brought to the Prophets from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and to Him we are Muslims.” (Al-Baqarah 2:136)
See also: 6 Pillars of Iman
2. Faith to Angels
Faith to Angels means to believe wholeheartedly that angels really exist and they are created by Allah SWT comes from light (Nur) without sex and unpaired. Angels are creatures created by Allah SWT with the sole purpose of worshiping Him. Angels have no mind and passions like humans, so angels will not do immoral. Angels do not eat, drink, and sleep. Even angels always do God’s work and always pray to God all the time.
The argument about the existence of angels is in Al-Quran Surah An-Nisa ‘(4) verse 136, Surah At-Tahrim (66) verse 6, Surah Fathir (35) verse 1 and Surah Al-Anbiya 19-20. This is one of the arguments of faith to angels in the Quran :
Praise be to Allah, Who created (out of nothing) the heavens and the earth, Who made the angels, messengers with wings,- two, or three, or four (pairs): He adds to Creation as He pleases: for Allah has power over all things. (Surah Fathir 35:1)
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To Him belong all (creatures) in the heavens and on earth: Even those who are in His (very) Presence are not too proud to serve Him, nor are they (ever) weary (of His service). They celebrate His praises night and day, nor do they ever flag or intermit. (Surah Al-Anbiya 21:19 & 20)
The number of angels who are obliged to believe there are 10. Here are the names :
- Archangel Gabriel: Delivering revelations to prophets and apostles.Proposition :With it came down the spirit of Faith and Truth (Jibril). To thy heart and mind, that thou mayest admonish. In the perspicuous Arabic tongue. (As-Syuara 193-195)
- Angels Mikail: Divide the sustenance and prosperity of Allah’s creation.
- Angel Israfil: Blowing the trumpet (trumpet) three times when the coming of the Day of Resurrection. The first inflame shakes the living thing, the second blow kills all living beings and the third blow awakens the human to meet Allah SWT.
- The Angel of Izrail: Take the life of man and all other living beings.
- Munkar and Nakir: Questioning good and bad deeds of man in the grave
- Rakib and Atid: Record the works of human charity at any time. Good deeds are recorded by the angel of monster which is on the right hand of man and the bad deed is recorded by the Angel Atid which is to the left of the human
- Malik: Keeping Hell
- Ridwan: Keep heaven
- Faith to God’s Holy Book
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The argument about faith in God’s book is in the Quran Surah An-Nisa ‘verse 136, Surah Ali Imran verses 3-4, Surah Faathir verse 31, Surah Al-Maidah verse 48, Surah Al-Baqarah verse 4.
He revealed to you the Book in [the] truth confirming that which (was) before it, and He revealed the Taurat and the Injeel. Before (this), (as) guidance for the mankind. And (He) revealed the Criterion. Verily, those who disbelieve[d] in (the) Verses of Allah, for them (is) a punishment severe. And Allah (is) All-Mighty, All-Able of retribution. (Ali Imran 3-4)
Believing in the Book of Allah means believing and believing that Allah created the holy books to be the guideline of human life in the world. The holy books contain the Revelation Allah revealed to the Apostles. The revelation can be revealed through inspiration, through the intermediary of the Angel Gabriel and listening in person.
Believing in Allah SWT has 3 levels namely:
- Qotmil (Reading the Qur’an and other holy books)
- Tartil (reading and understanding the Qur’an and other holy books)
- Hafidz (reading, understanding, memorizing, and practicing the Qur’an and other holy books)
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God’s Books to be believed are 4:
1. The Torah
This book was revealed to the Prophet Musa as a guide and guidance for the Children of Israel. This book was revealed in Tursina (Egypt) 12th century BC. The Torah uses Hebrew. The verse in the Quran which tells of the Torah is Surah Al-Isra ‘(17) verse 2.
2. Book of Zabur
This book was revealed to Prophet David as a guide and guidance for his people in the 10th century BC in the area of Jerusalem. Book of Zabur (Psalms). ). Zabur as the holy book that Allah revealed. to the Prophet David a.s also called Psalms (Arabs), Mizmordan (Hebrew), Psalm (English) The Book of Zabur contains songs and praise to God for all the blessings He has bestowed. In addition, it also contains dhikr, prayer, advice, and words of wisdom. The Book of Zabur is explained in the Quran. Al-Isra ‘(17) verse 55
3. The Gospels
This book was revealed to the Prophet Jesus as a guide and guidance for the Children of Israel. The Bible was revealed by Allah SWT. to the Prophet Jesus a. around the first century AD in the area of Jerusalem (Israel). The Bible uses the Syriac language. Among the Gospels now, there are contents that do not contradict the Quran is the Gospel of Barnabas. But this gospel is rejected by Christians, the contents of the gospel are:
- Jesus is not crucified Crucified is actually Judas Iscariot that has been likened to God (rupa and sound).
- Jesus himself ascended to heaven with the angels.
- Jesus is not a child of God, nor a god, but as an apostle of God
- Messiah (fair queen or savior) or al-still waiting for, not Jesus, but Muhammad SAW, Prophet and Allah’s last Apostle.
4. Al Quran
The Holy Qur’an was revealed to the Holy Prophet for reference and guidance to all mankind, not just to the Arabs. The Quran is the last book and the perfect of the earlier books. The Qur’an was first revealed to the Prophet SAW when he was meditating on the 17th of Ramadan on the 6th of August 632 AD since 17th of Ramadhan is celebrated as the nuzulul Quran by Muslims of the world. The Quran is lowered gradually over 22 years 2 months 22 days.
The position of the Quran is:
- As the Revelation of Allah SWT is revealed to the Prophet Muhammad SAW.
- As the miracle of Prophet Muhammad SAW.
- As a guide for human life.
- As the source of all sources of Islamic law.
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4. Faith to the Apostle
Apostle is a man chosen by Allah SWT to convey the revelation and the word of God to all mankind as a guide to life. Whereas the Prophet is given revelation for himself, and not deliver it to other people.
The argument that explains the Faith to the Prophet is in Surah Al-An’am Verse 48, Surah An-Nisaa Verse 136, Surah Al Baqarah verse 285, Surah Al-Mukmin verse 78, Surah An Nahl verse 36, Surah Maryam verse 58, and Surah Al Hajj verse 75.
And not We send the Messengers except (as) bearer of glad tidings and (as) warners. So whoever believed and reformed, then no fear upon them and not they will grieve. (Al-An’am : 48)
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Believed the Messenger in what was revealed to him from his Lord and the believers. All believed in Allah, and His Angels, and His Books, and His Messengers. “Not we make distinction between any of His And they said, “We heard and we obeyed. (Grant) us Your forgiveness our Lord, and to You (is) the return. (Al Baqarah : 285)
The number of Messengers that must be believed to exist is 25. Five of them are Apostles who have great patience and fortitude. They are called Apostle Ulul Azmi. They are :
- Prophet Nuh As.
- Prophet Ibrahim As.
- Prophet Musa As.
- Prophet Isa As.
- Prophet Muhammad SAW.
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5. Faith to Doomsday
Faith to the Last Day is to believe that the apocalypse will certainly happen sometime and there will be eternal life / lasting after the apocalypse of heaven and hell. So that after man dies, he will be raised from his grave and be held accountable for all actions on earth.
Islam divides the Apocalypse into two categories:
- Doomsday Sugra
Doomsday sugra means little destruction . Natural disasters such as tsunamis, volcanoes, earthquakes, floods, etc. are examples of doomsday. Called the small apocalypse because of the end of life of each creature only.
- Doomsday Kubra
Doomsday Kubra is the destruction of the Universe with all its contents. All humans and other living beings will die. God alone knows when the hour of the kraamat will happen.
The case of Faith to the Last Day is in Surah Az-Zumar verse 68, Surah An-Naml Ayat 87, Surah Al-Infitar ayat 1-3, Surah Al- Muzzamil ayat 14
And (will) be blown [in] the trumpet, then (will) fall dead whoever (is) in the heavens and whoever (is) on the earth except whom Allah wills. Then (it will) be blown [in it] a second time, and behold! They (will be) standing waiting. (Az-Zumar : 68)
And (the) Day will be blown [in] the trumpet and will be terrified whoever (is) in the heavens and whoever (is) in the earth except whom Allah wills. And all (will) come to Him humbled. (Surat An-Naml : 87)
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6. Faith To Qada and Qadar
Qada is the provision and provision of Allah SWT which has existed since the azali, an age where all of it has not happened. This provision is like good and bad, life and death. Qadar is the determination and provision of Allah SWT that must happen to every creature. Qada and Qadar are the destiny of God. God’s destiny is divided into 2, namely :
- Muallaq’s destiny
Destiny muallaq is destiny that can still change with effort or endeavor. Humans may do whatever they want to improve themselves so they choose their own ways.
- Mubran’s destiny
Destiny mubran is a fate that can not be changed again, even though it has been seeking. Qada and Qadar can be observed in Al-Quran Surah Ar-ra’d verse 8, Surah Al-Furqaan verse 2, Surah al-Hadiid verse 22, Surah At Taubah verse 51.
Say, “Never will befall us except what Allah has decreed for us, He (is) our Protector.” And on Allah [so] let the believers put (their) trust. (At Taubah : 51)
Say, “Never will befall us except what Allah has decreed for us, He (is) our Protector.” And on Allah [so] let the believers put (their) trust. (Al-Hadiid : 22)
Finally, those are complete explanation about 6 Pillars of Islam which you may want to know to strengthen your knowledge about Islam and strengthen your belief in Islam’s faith.