It is a provision in the Islamic law that burying the corpse is a form of respect for the deceased. Therefore, Islam ordered the funeral of the corpse. The scholars have also agreed that the law of burying the corpse is fardu kifayah. If some Muslims have done it, then the obligation is degraded to other Muslims.
“The obligation of a Muslim to another Muslim is five, (ie): respond to greetings, visit the sick, accompany the body, attend the invitation and pray for the person who sneezes.” (HR Bukhari and Muslim)
Whoever watches the corpse until the salat, he gets a qirath. And whoever sees it until it is buried, he gets two qiraths. “Then he was asked:” What is meant by two qiraths? “He replied,” Like two great mountains. “ (HR Muslim)
This is presented funeral rights in Islam.
1. Prioritize people who always read Al-Quran
We need to prioritize people who always read Al-Quran when it comes to the funeral. This is like the hadith says:
“Dig holes, expand, deepen and make it good. Then bury two or three people in one hole. Next is the most memorized person (Al-Quran). ” Said (Hisham), “My father was buried in three holes in one hole, but he is the most memorable one of Qur’an then he comes first.” (HR Abu Dawud: 3215)
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2. Buried with clothes
Those who were buried were dying of martyrdom for being killed in battle then simply they were buried in the clothes they wore even though in a bloody, unclothed, denied and not a good state, as a form of honor and glory to them.
“From Anas radliyallahu anhu, that the martyrs of Uhud (their bodies) are not bathed, they are buried with their blood and there is no salat for them (except Hamzah).” (HR Abu Dawud: 3135)
3. Buried immediately
The ideal funeral of the Sunnah is to hasten the funeral unless there is a barrier. The scholars say that the Sunnah is to hasten it.
“Not necessarily the remains of a Mukmin stuck in his family’s shoulders”
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4. May do the funeral later
The scholars say, unless the dead man died suddenly, then it can be delayed until it is certain that he has passed away. This kind of practice is already in some hospitals now. That is, it can be seen that he has actually died by delaying some time that does not pose a danger. This is allowed if delayed only for some time. As if postponed for long period of time, then this should not be done. As for the person who has died of a disease, paralysis, and faintness, then do not expedite the burial until one day later to confirm his death.
5. May use coffin with some exception
According to the scholars agreement, it is makruh to bury the corpse in a coffin, for it is a heresy, unless there is an excuse, such as in moist soil or loose aquatic or the presence of a wild beast which will dredge it even if it is solid which otherwise would not be protected unless it is inserted in coffin or the bodies of women who have no mahram.
In this case, it is not enforced using a coffin for the benefit, even if the predicted presence of wild animals, then the law becomes mandatory. Legal statements of the scholars above may be enough to answer the incoming questions. As for how the procedure, there is no rule of thumb. The regulation is left to those who administer the funeral of origin in accordance with appropriate ethical values.
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6. Mourn the corpse
The law of mourn is fardlu kifayah. We may do this to feel sorry and see the funeral preparation.
7. Speaking in a low voice
Mourners should take precious lessons. If today he mourned, it could be the next day he will be the one who is mourned. Speaking or talking in a low voice is a respectful act. As far as we concern, mourners should like to debunk the virtues of the corpse during their lifetime.
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8. Buried in the place that the corpse likes
It is the Sunnah of the Prophet SAW, buried the corpse in the funeral, since the Prophet never buried his body except in the Baqi’ funeral. It is good to bury him in the funeral that the corpse likes.
“When the Messenger of Allah died, the companions disagreed with his burial, then Abu Bakar said. “I have heard and the Prophet SAW, the advice I never forgot, that is, he said, “Every prophet whom Allah has sworn to be buried in a place he likes to be buried on him.”
9. The martyrs are buried in the fallen place
Also exempted from that is the martyrs who fall out on the battlefield, they are buried at the site of the fall, not to be transferred to the public. It is based on the hadith from Jabir r.a. said, when the Uhud war broke out, the soldiers were killed to be buried in Baqi ‘, then a caller from the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said,
“Verily the Messenger of Allah once ruled you to bury the martyrs’ in his fallen place. “
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10. The relatives of the corpse have the right to bury it
The person who cares and who drops the corpse to the grave is male, not the women, even the burial bodies are women. That’s what happened since the time of the Prophet. and which the Muslims practiced until today. The relatives of the corpse have more right to bury it.
“The Prophet (is) closer to the believers than their own selves, and his wives (are) their mothers. And possessors (of) relationships, some of them (are) closer to another in (the) Decree (of) Allah than the believers and the emigrants, except that you do to your friends a kindness. That is in the Book written.” (Al-Ahzab 33:6)
11. Mark the funeral with stone
We should mark the funeral/grave with stones or the like to be known and made a burial place for his family. Based on the hadith from al-Muttalib bin Abi Wada’ah r.a. he says:
“The person who told me from the Messenger of Allah, as if I saw the white of the arm of the Messenger of Allah. when he rolled up his two arms. then he took the stone and put it on his head and said: “With this stone, I know my brother’s grave and I will bury in this place (also) there are among his family who died.”
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12. Sprinkle the soil and add flowers
For the escort of the corpse should sprinkle the soil onto the grave three times. The escort can also sprinkle flowers to show the deepest condolence to the corpse in the funeral. It is Sunnah for those who are around the grave to sow (toss) over the graves of three ground grips with both hands after the pores are all closed. It is based on the hadith of Abu Hurairah,
“The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) performed the prayer of the Lord, then he went to the cemetery, then sprinkled three times the ground to the top of the head of the corpse.”
13. Forgive and beg for forgiveness to the corpse
For the escorts who arrive at the funeral when the grave is still not dug completely, they should be sitting facing the qibla and begging for forgiveness for the body. They should do this to make it easier for the body to get into the heaven and there aren’t any obstacles that prevent him.
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14. Dua for the funeral and the corpse
As the escort, we need to dua for the corpse and the funeral. We can do it by putting a hand on the grave by stretching the fingers while pressing, and reading Surah Al-Qadr seven times and asking forgiveness for him. This is based on the hadith of ‘Utsman bin’ Affan, he said,
“When the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam finished burying the corpse, he stood beside the grave as saying: “Ask forgiveness for your brother and ask for stability for him because he is now being asked.”
15. Do the funeral at night
If it is forced to do the funeral at night, then this is permissible, although it must be by using the lights and put the lights in the grave to facilitate the funeral process. It is based on the narrations of Ibn ‘Abbas Radhiyallahu anhuma, he said,
“For the Messenger of Allah sallallahu’ alaihi wa sallam buried one’s body at night, then lighted lights in his grave.”
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16. Sit beside the grave
We can sit beside the grave at the funeral with the purpose of reminding the present of death and life after death. It is based on the hadith of al-Barra ‘bin’ Azib, he said,
“We were with the Messenger of Allah ‘alaihi wa sallam at the funeral of a man from Anshar when he arrived at the cemetery and the corpse was put in all holes, we sat down beside him as if there were birds lying on our heads (no moving).”
17. Deepen the grave
The purpose of burying a corpse is to cover it in a hole so as not to spread the smell and to keep it from beasts and birds. So if this goal has been fulfilled, but the way and the form, then let go of duty and obligation.
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18. Weep at the funeral
It is allowed to weep corpse at the funeral. Because the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam cried when Ibrahim, his son died. He said:
“Tears are running down and the heart becomes sad, but we do not say anything except what Allah is pleased with. And we are so sad to part with you, O Ibrahim.” (HR Bukhari and Muslim)
That’s all funeral rights in Islam. Hope we know all of this before doing or going to the funeral to avoid things that is makruh in the funeral.