Duha prayer is one type of Sunnah prayer and we do it in Duha time. Duha time is a time when sun has risen around 7 cubits until the time of Fard prayer (benefits of Zuhr prayer). It may be around 7 a.m to 11 a.m. However, this is not absolute because the position of sun in each region is different and it influences Duha time.
Duha prayer can be done alone. The preferred time to do Duha prayer is in the second quarter day or around 9 a.m. The great antecedences of Duha prayer are launching our trade with dhikr because dhikr can open fortunes. Besides that, if you done Duha prayer, your wish will be granted by Allah quickly.
Duha prayer is done with the provision of one salaam for every two rakaat. Meanwhile, some ulama have different opinions about total rakaat of Duha prayer. Some ulama said that Duha prayer is done maximum 8 rakaat, and some ulama said that it is unlimited.
- First :
In the school of Maliki, Syafi’i and Hambali, they chosen eight rakaat as the maximum rakaat of Duha prayer. They used argument from Umi Hani RA, that Rasulullah S.A.W entered his house when fathu Mecca and he prayed eight rakaat. (Bukhari and Muslim)
- Second :
In the school of Hanafi, he chosen twelve rakaat as the maximum rakaat of Duha prayer. It is based on hadith from Anas RA :
“Whoever do Duha prayer 12 rakaat, Allah will make a palace for him in the heaven.” (Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah and Al-Mundziri in Targhib wat Tarhib)
But this hadith is dhaif hadith.
- Third :
The opinion that there is no limit about maximum rakaat in Duha prayer which is confirmed by As-Suyuthi in Al-Hawi. Suyuthi in his fatwa declared,
“There is no hadith that limit Duha prayer with a certain rakaat, whereas the opinion of some ulama that the maximum rakaat of Duha prayer is 12 rakaat is the opinion that does not have base as it was hinted by Al-Hafidz Abul Fadl Ibn Hajar and others.”
Duha prayer Ordinances
As the common of sunnah prayer, Duha prayer is done as the movement of another sunnah prayer.
“Ushalli sunnatadh-dhuhaa rak’ataini lillaahi ta’aala.”
Its mean : “I attempt to Duha prayer two rakaat because Allah Ta’ala.”
- Do Takhbiratul Ihram while attempt in heart.
- Read dua Iftitah until the end.
- Read Surah Al-Fatihah.
- Read one of surah in Quran. The preferred surah are Surah Al-Waqi’ah, Surah Asy-Syams, Surah Ad-Duha, Surah Al-Kafirun, Surah Quraisy and Surah Al-Ikhlas. In the first rakaat, you should read Srah Asy-Syams, and in the second rakaat you should read Surah Ad-Duha.
- Ruku and read tasbih (Subhaana rabbiyal ‘adzimi wabihamdih) three times.
- I’tidal and read Sami ‘allaahu liman hamidah.
- The first prostration and read Subhaana rabbiyal ‘alaa wabihandih three times.
- Sit between two prostration and read Rabbighfirlii warhamnii wajburnii warfa’nii warzuqnii wahdinii wa’afinii wa’fuanii.
- The second prostration and read Subhaana rabbiyal ‘alaa wabihamdih three times.
- Stand up again while saying takbir (Allaahu akbar) to continue the second rakaat. Do the movements above until the end of tasyahud, then Salaam. [AdSense-A]
2. Dua after Duha Prayer
After doing Duha prayer, you should sit solemnly and rea istighfar, salawat on the Prophet, read Tasbih and Tahlil.
Followed by reading below :
“Astaghfirullaahal’adziim alladzi laa ilaaha illaa huwalhayyul qayyumi wa atuubu ilaih.”
(Read it a hundred times and minimum 32 times)
Then it is continued by reading Salawat on The Prophet Muhammad S.A.W.
“Allahumma shalli wasallim ‘akaa sayyidinaa muhammadin wa’alaa aali sayyidinaa muhammad.”
(read it 32 or a hundred times, according to your abilities)
Then it is continued with reading this dua :
اَللهُمَّ اِنَّ الضُّحَآءَ ضُحَاءُكَ، وَالْبَهَاءَ بَهَاءُكَ، وَالْجَمَالَ جَمَالُكَ، وَالْقُوَّةَ قُوَّتُكَ، وَالْقُدْرَةَ قُدْرَتُكَ، وَالْعِصْمَةَ عِصْمَتُكَ. اَللهُمَّ اِنْ كَانَ رِزْقِى فِى السَّمَآءِ فَأَنْزِلْهُ وَاِنْ كَانَ فِى اْلاَرْضِ فَأَخْرِجْهُ وَاِنْ كَانَ مُعَسَّرًا فَيَسِّرْهُ وَاِنْ كَانَ حَرَامًا فَطَهِّرْهُ وَاِنْ كَانَ بَعِيْدًا فَقَرِّبْهُ بِحَقِّ ضُحَاءِكَ وَبَهَاءِكَ وَجَمَالِكَ وَقُوَّتِكَ وَقُدْرَتِكَ آتِنِىْ مَآاَتَيْتَ عِبَادَكَ الصَّالِحِيْنَ
“Allahumma innadh dhuha-a dhuha-uka, wal bahaa-a bahaa-uka, wal jamaala jamaaluka, wal quwwata quwwatuka, wal qudrata qudratuka, wal ishmata ishmatuka. Allahuma inkaana rizqi fis samma-i fa anzilhu, wa inkaana fil ardhi fa-akhrijhu, wa inkaana mu’asaran fayassirhu, wainkaana haraaman fathahhirhu, wa inkaana ba’idan fa qaribhu, bihaqqiduhaa-ika wa bahaaika, wa jamaalika wa quwwatika wa qudratika, aatini maa ataita ‘ibadakash shalihin.”
Its meaning :
“O Allah, Indeed Duha time is Your duha time, majesty is Your majesty, beautify is Your beautify, strength is Your strength, guarding is Your guarding, O Allah, if my fortune is in the sky, then put it down, if it is in the earth, then put it out, if it is difficult, then make it easy, if it is haram, then make it holy, if it is far, then make it near with the truth of Your Duha, Your power (O my Lord), bring me what you bring to Your dear servants.”
The Virtue and privilege of Duha Prayer
- Alms to the whole joint of human body
The Prophet Muhammad S.A.W said :
“In each one of you there is alms, every tasbih (Subhanallah) is alms, every tahmid (Alhamdulillah) is alms, every tahlil (lailahaillallah) is alms, every takbir is alms, tell to goodness is alms, prevent from apostasy is alms. And two rakaat Duha are given rewards.” (Muslim; from Abu Dzar al-Ghifari RA)
See also : How to give sadaqah in Islam
- Get a great Ghanimah
Abdullah bin ‘Amr bin ‘Ash RA, said that Rasulullah S.A.W sent army then he said :
“Take the profit (ghanimah) and come back soon! Finally they talked each other about the proximity of war destination and many ghanimah (benefits) to be gotten and come back soon (because the distance is near).”
Then Rasulullah S.A.W said :
“May I show you the nearest destination of them (enemy who will be fought), the most of ghaimah (benefits) and come back soon? They said : “Yes!” The Apostle said again : “Whoever take wudu, then he enter into the mosque to do Duha prayer, he is the closest to his goal (the battlefield), more ghanimah and more come back soon.” (Saheeh Al-Targhib : 666)
- Guarantee a house in Heaven
The Prophet Muhammad S.A.W said
“Whoever do Duha prayer four rakaat and four rakaat before, then he will be built a house in heaven.” (Saheeh Al-Jami : 634)
- Rewards in the afternoon
From Abu Darda’ Ra, he said that Rasulullah S.A.W said :
“Allah Ta’ala said : “O son of Adam, pray for Me four rakaat from the beginning of day, then I will meet your needs (reward) in the afternoon).” (Saheeh Al-Jami : 4339)
In a history said :
“Indeed Allah ‘Azza Wa Jalla said : “O son of Adam, suffice for Me four rakaat in the beginning of day, then I will sufficient your needs in the afternoon.”
- Get rewards as same as people who did Umrah
From Abu Umamah RA, Rasulullah S.A.W said that :
“Whoever go out from his houase in a state of purification to do Fard prayer, then his rewards is like a person who did hajj. Whoever go out to do Duha prayer, then his rewards is like a person who did umrah.” (Saheeh Al-Targhib : 673)
- Forgiven his sins by Allah S.W.T
“Anyone who do Duha prayer with a lasting, will be forgiven his sins by Allah, even though the sins are as much as froth in the ocean.” (Tirmidhi)
See also : Surah for forgiveness of major sins
After we know the importance of Duha prayer, there is nothing wrong if we make it as one of deeds in every day. Hopefully, Allah will accept our worship and He is forgiven our sins. Aamiin, aamiin, Ya Rabbal ‘alamin.