Science is an important thing for aliveness, so human can reach one of human’s goals, that of being a khalifah in the world. Because of that, a Moslem must study and understand the human nature.
Know more about its contents and how the process of human’s creation in Islam and others creatures. So we will understand about the human nature and it can increase our faith to Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala. Read more about Benefit of Taraweeh Prayer
The law of studying in Islam is obligatory because science is useful for human to reach their success in the world and the Hereafter, as it is said in a hadith of the Prophet Muhammad Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam below :
“Whoever want to get succes in the world he is required to master all of science, and whoever want to get happiness in the Hereafter, he is required to master all of science, and whoever want to get success and happiness both of them, he is also required to master all of science.”
Related articles :
- Virtues of gaining knowledge in Islam
- Rules of seeking knowledge in Islam
- Benefits of listening Holy Qur’an
Importance of Studying in Islam
In the matter of getting science, human must study. In Islam, studying also has some importance, such as :
- Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala will ease a way to the Heaven
From Abu Hurairah, it is narrated as follows :
“Whoever take a journey to study, then Allah will award him a way to the Heaven.” (Narrated by Muslim)
In that hadith, the meaning of taking a journey is studying. So, if we take a journey to study anytime and anywhere, then Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’la will ease us to the Heaven.
- Angel will spread their wings to people who study
In a hadith, Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘Alaihi Wasallam said :
“Indeed angles spread their wings to the seekers of knowledge, as a ridha sign with their efforts.” (Narrated by Ahmad, Ibn Hibban and Al-Hakim)
- People who study are better from the world and its contents
Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘Alaihi Wasallam said :
“The quality of someone who study one chapter from a science is still better than the world and its contents.” (Narrated by Ibn Hibban) [AdSense-B]
- People who study will get rewards
Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘Alaihi Wasallam said :
“Science likes a warehouse, while the lock opener is asking. Indeed, there are rewards for four groups, they are people who ask, people who answer, people who hear and people who love the condition of them.” (Narrated by Abu Nu’aim)
In that hadith, asking is as same as studying. In the process of studying, someone will ask to something that he does not understand.
- People who study are better from one hundred rakaat of sunnah prayer
[AdSense-A] From Ibn Abdul Birri, Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘Alaihi Wasallam has said that indeed people who go to study one chapter from science, he is better than people who do prayer as one hundred rakaat. See also types of sunnah prayer in Islam.
- Studying is an obligation in Islam
For Moslem, studying is an obligation, it is used to distinguish them with Jahiliyyah man and they can perfect their worship to Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala. Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘Alaihi Wa sallam has said :
“Studying is obligatory for every Moslem.”
- People who study will get more science
Science can be only got and added if someone continues to study and study. Without studying, they will not get knowledge and they knowledge are just what they want. Read more about Virtues of Gratefulness in Islam
- People who study are as same as jihad
Studying is an effort to defend the ignorance and foolishness. That is a reason why people who study is as same as jihad in the way of Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala. Because they like fight foolishness or ignorance. You may also importance of jihad in Islam.
There are also some words from Ulama in the past that we get from Muhgnil Muhtaj, the fiqh book of Syafi’iyah, Muhammad bin Al Khotib Asy Syarbini rahimahullah. Hopefully these things can add our spirit to study many sciences in this religion.
Mu’adz bin Jabal radhiyallahu ‘anhu said,
تَعَلَّمْ الْعِلْمَ فَإِنَّ تَعَلُّمَهُ لَكَ حَسَنَةٌ ، وَطَلَبَهُ عِبَادَةٌ ، وَمُذَاكَرَتَهُ تَسْبِيحٌ ، وَالْبَحْثَ عَنْهُ جِهَادٌ ، وَتَعْلِيمَهُ مَنْ لَا يَعْلَمُهُ صَدَقَةٌ ، وَبَذْلَهُ لِأَهْلِهِ قُرْبَةٌ .
“Study (about Islam) because if you study it, there is a goodness for you. Finding knowledge is a worship. \\emembering each other about science is tasbih. Discussing a science is jihad. Teaching science to others is sadaqah. Spending spirit to study from the master is a qurbah (close to Allah SWT).”
‘Ali radhiyallahu ‘anhu said,
الْعِلْمُ خَيْرٌ مِنْ الْمَالِ ، الْعِلْمُ يَحْرُسُك وَأَنْتَ تَحْرُسُ الْمَالَ ، وَالْمَالُ تُنْقِصُهُ النَّفَقَةُ ، وَالْعِلْمُ يَزْكُو بِالْإِنْفَاقِ
“Science (religion) is better from treasure. Science will protect you, while treasure must be protected by you. Treasure will be less when you spend it, but science will be added when you spend (Infaq) it.”
From Ibn ‘Umar radhiyallahu ‘anhuma, he said :
مَجْلِسُ فِقْهٍ خَيْرٌ مِنْ عِبَادَةِ سِتِّينَ سَنَةً
“Science majlis is better than the worship for sixty years.”
Imam Syafi’i rahimahullah said,
مَنْ لَا يُحِبُّ الْعِلْمَ لَا خَيْرَ فِيهِ
“Who do nnot love scienc (religion), there is no goodness for him.”
Imam Asy Syafi’i rahimahullah also said,
طَلَبُ الْعِلْمِ أَفْضَلُ مِنْ صَلَاةِ النَّافِلَةِ
‘Studying is more important that sunnah prayer.”
Another word of Imam Asy Syafi’i is
لَيْسَ بَعْدَ الْفَرَائِضِ أَفْضَلُ مِنْ طَلَبِ الْعِلْمِ
“No obligatory things is more important than studying.”
The word of the Prophet Muhammad Shallallahu ‘Alaihi Wasallam,
« إِذَا مَرَرْتُمْ بِرِيَاضِ الْجَنَّةِ فَارْتَعُوا ». قَالَ وَمَا رِيَاضُ الْجَنَّةِ قَالَ « حِلَقُ الذِّكْرِ »
“If you pass a garden, then eat or drink it.” “What is the meaning of riyadhul jannah (garden) ?”, there was asking. He said, “It is halaqoh dhikr.” (Narrated by Tirmidzi number 3510. Syaikh Al Albani said this hadith is hasan). ‘Atho’ said,
مَجَالِسُ الذِّكْرِ هِيَ مَجَالِسُ الْحَلَالِ وَالْحَرَامِ كَيْفَ تَشْتَرِي وَتَبِيعُ وَتُصَلِّي وَتَصُومُ وَتَنْكِحُ وَتُطَلِّقُ وَتَحُجُّ وَأَشْبَاهُ ذَلِكَ
“Majlis dhikr (halaqoh) is a majlis where talk about the science of halal and haram things, ways how to trading, ways how to do prayer, fasting, marriage, divorce, hajj and etc.”
Allah Ta’ala said,
مَنْ كَانَ يُرِيدُ حَرْثَ الْآَخِرَةِ نَزِدْ لَهُ فِي حَرْثِهِ وَمَنْ كَانَ يُرِيدُ حَرْثَ الدُّنْيَا نُؤْتِهِ مِنْهَا وَمَا لَهُ فِي الْآَخِرَةِ مِنْ نَصِيبٍ
“Whoever desires the harvest of the Hereafter – We increase for him in his harvest. And whoever desires the harvest of this world – We give him thereof, but there is not for him in the Hereafter any share.” (Q.S. Asy Syura : 20)
From some imporatance of studying above, we can get a conclusion that studying is an effort that Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala loves. Because that thing contains goodness, especially if that relates with religion. Read more about How to Avoid Arrogance in Islam
Thus the article about importance of studying. Hopefully, it can be usefull for us and increase our faith to Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala. Amen.