Prohibition of Drugs in Islam – Law – Quran Verses
Islam is very concerned with the welfare of the body of his people. Precisely in the health aspect of Muslims are ordered to keep the body mandated by Allah SWT in order to always be in a healthy condition, in addition to ordering human beings seek in medicine when exposed to the disease.
A healthy body will growing intelligent and wise minds, and with a healthy body we will also be easier and comfortable in doing worship and daily activities. In fact, Muslims are required to have a healthy and strong body to fulfill responsibilities as God’s khalifah on this earth. Therefore, we are required to find a cure for every disease. In the next part, we will elaborate about drugs or medicine.
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Definition of Drugs
Medication, or drugs is something that can cure us of an illness suffered. Drugs in the broad sense are chemicals that can affect the life process and are used with certain doses, in the hope of preventing and curing of a disease.
Recently, diseases have many types, both diseases that damage the body and could ruin the mind. Then we are required to seek drugs as an effort to cure the disease, both through drugs and therapy (alternative).
But the problem is whether the drugs obtained, derived from objects that are kosher or derived from objects forbidden by syara ‘. Just as in food, drugs are also a thing consumed then the drug should contain elements that are not prohibited by syara ‘.
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Drugs in Islamic View
The problem of drugs, although not detailed in the Qur’an, is still regulated in Islamic law based on the studies of the great scholars of Islam who do understand and understand the procedures of determining halal and haram by equating or establishing the law of a new case, which has not existed in the past but has similarities because, benefits, danger with previous cases so punished the same (Qiyas).
Even so, qIslam is fighting and forbidding all intoxicating things and all forms of drugs with a variety of different types and types. Because they contain a real danger to man; health, mind, honor, reputation, prestige, and reputation. Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said,
“laa dharara wa laa dhirar.”
The purpose of this hadith is, should not cause harm and danger to self or others. Therefore, a person should not endanger himself or others for no good reason and without any prior crime. Also, should not avenge ugliness with other ugliness, therefore, if there is a berate, then do not reply with a similar description.
Drunken and adultery are two things that are prohibited because of danger and ugliness, as well as drugs and drugs that are very harmful to the mind, damaging the soul, conscience, and feelings.
The harmful effects of consuming liquor, drugs, and illegal drugs are broad and multidimensional, not only harmful to the wearer, but also to families, children, society and people.
The danger to the wearer himself is a bad effect on the body and the mind at once. Because liquor and illegal drugs have a very powerful destructive force to health, nerves, minds, minds, various digestive organs and so forth in the form of various dangers very powerful for the body as a whole.
Not only that, the effects of the dangers of liquor and drugs also attack the reputation, reputation, position and honor of a person. Read more about How to Control Sexuality in Islam
In addition to the adverse effects, the condition of drunkenness and drug addiction is potentially encouraging perpetrators to commit various crimes against the soul, property, and honor. Even the impact of the dangers of drugs is more severe than the effects of drinking hazards, as drugs and illegal drugs damage moral values.
Drug Abuse in Islamic View
However, in our zeal to maintain health and to cure an illness, there are things to watch out for. As a Muslim, we must know and be able to discern what is lawful and haram; either the content or content in the drug and how to get it. Even in the use of these drugs also need to be considered. Is it really to treat illness or for anything else. If used for anything else, it could potentially be a misuse so the drugs could be considered narcotics.
Other terms are NAPZA (in Bahasa Indonesia, which is abbreviated from narcotics, psychotropic substances and addictive substances]. This term is widely used by health and rehabilitation practitioners.
Narcotics are substances or drugs derived from plants or non-plants both synthetic and semi-synthetic that can cause decreased or altered consciousness, loss of taste, reduce to eliminate pain, and can cause dependence.
Psychotropic substances are drugs or substances, both natural and synthetic rather than narcotics, which are psychoactive by a selective effect on the central nervous system that causes a distinctive change in mental activity and behavior. More often used by doctors to treat mental disorders. In terms of the scholars, this drug is included in the discussion of mufattirot (weak maker) or mukhaddirot (numbing maker).
Types of Drugs
Natural narcotics are medicines derived from plants. Some examples of natural narcotics, namely morphine, cocaine, heroin, opium (opium), Cannabis, Marijuana, katinon (plant khat), and so on. While narcotic synthesis is a drug that is synthesized from artificial chemicals (non-natural). Some examples of narcotic synthesis are pethidine, methadone, naltrexon, propoxyphene (darvon) and so on.
Psychotropic drugs are dangerous, can damage the central nervous system in the brain and disturb the psychic or mental person. Some psychotropic examples such as Amphetamine Type Stimulants (ATS), Methamphetamine, Ecstasy (huge drug / inex), Benzodiazepines (coplop pills, lexotan), and so on. Read more about Importance of Silence in Islam
3. Addictive Substance
Addictive substances are a group of drugs other than narcotics and psychotropic substances. Use of this substance is also dangerous, trigger dependence and disrupt the workings of the brain. Examples of addictive substances such as nicotine, alcohol, sedatives, and the like.
Why Drugs are Forbidden?
Taking drugs without any reason (emergency), the scholars agree that the law is haram. Ibn Taimiyah rahimahullah in Majmu ‘al-Fatawa 34: 204 says
“Drugs as well as substances that intoxicating and forbidden under the agreement of the scholars. Even any substance that can rid the mind, it is unlawful to consume even if not intoxicating”.
In Al-qur’an, there are some of verse that implicitly explaining about the prohibition of drug use. First verse is come from Al-a’raaf verse 107 :
‘Those who follow the Messenger, the unlettered prophet, whom they find written in what they have of the Torah and the Gospel, who enjoins upon them what is right and forbids them what is wrong and makes lawful for them the good things and prohibits for them the evil and relieves them of their burden and the shackles which were upon them. So they who have believed in him, honored him, supported him and followed the light which was sent down with him – it is those who will be the successful.’
In the verse it is very clear that anything that has a negative / negative effect is forbidden by Islam and drugs is also very clearly has a harmful negative effect. The next verse comes from Surat Al-Baqarah verse 195 and An-Nisa verse 29 :
- ‘And spend in the way of Allah and do not throw [yourselves] with your [own] hands into destruction [by refraining]. And do good; indeed, Allah loves the doers of good.’ (2:195)
- ‘O you who have believed, do not consume one another’s wealth unjustly but only [in lawful] business by mutual consent. And do not kill yourselves [or one another]. Indeed, Allah is to you ever Merciful.’ (4:29)
Punishment or Sanctions for Using Drugs
As for sanctions or penalties for non-drug users in the framework of treatment according to the Majority of Jurisprudence experts is a ta’zir penalty adjusted to the benefit according to government policy. Ta’zir can be a prison sentence, a fine, and otherwise, which, according to the government, can have a deterrent effect on him. Read more about How to Improve health in Islam
Even in this context, according to Fuqaha Hanafiyah and Malikiyah, the government can enforce the death penalty if the case is repeated and the perpetrator is not deterred from punishment other than that. Shaykh Wahbah az-Zuhaili said:
‘The Fuqaha Hanafiyah and Malikiyah allow sanctions of takzir in the form of capital punishment termed al-qatl siyasah (capital punishment). That being said, when the judge dismisses him as a benefit in related matters and the type of crime lays down the death penalty, such as recurring or continuing to consume liquor and narcotics.’
There is also the law of distributing narcotics by selling, buying, smuggling, and similar to the law of producing, which is haram because it belongs to the category of facilitating the immoral (i’anah ‘ala ma’shiyah), which is also included in the announcement of the prohibition of al-Qur’an Surah Al-Maa’idah verse 2:
‘O you who have believed, do not violate the ritual of God or [the sanctity of] the sacred month or [neglect the marking of] the sacrificial animals and garlanding [them] or [violate the safety of] those coming to the Sacred House seeking bounty from their Lord and [His] approval. But when you come out of ihram, then [you may] hunt. And Masjid al-Haram leads you to transgress. And cooperate in righteousness and piety, but do not cooperate in sin and aggression. And fear Allah; indeed, Allah is severe in penalty.’
That was the explanation about Drugs in Islamic view. Obviously, drugs are prohibited if it is used not in the right place. However, sometimes some types of drugs included in drugs or drugs are needed for sick people to treat wounds or to reduce pain. This is an emergency. And in those circumstances it is still permissible to remember the method often raised by the scholars :
“The state of emergency allows forbidden things”
In essence, Islam is very concerned about the safety of the mind and soul of a Muslim so that until strictly prohibited various illegal consumption such as drugs. However, due to bad environmental influences, young people today are easily affected by the glamor of the world. Read more about Punishment of Leaving Fajr Prayer
So they are also affected by his ugly friends who ask to be away from God. We hope you enjoy to read this article and see you in the next time.