Mandatory bathing is a large bath done by men and women after doing things that make it mandatory behind it, such as:
- Giving birth.
- Postpartum, is blood that comes out during childbirth.
- Menstrual blood flow. “If menstruation comes, then leave the prayer. And if it has passed, then take a shower and pray.” (Narrated by Al Bukhari)
For Men and Women:
- Sex between husband and wife (jimak) when the penis (male genitalia) is inserted into the vagina (female genitals) even though the semen does not come out.
- If semen is released even though the penis is not inserted into the vagina.
- Producing semen because of dreaming (wet dream).
- Convert to Islam for people who were previously infidels. From Qais bin Ashim, “He told me that when he converted to Islam, the Prophet told him to take a bath with water and a bidara. (Narrated by At Tirmidzi and Abu Dawud)
There are things that can also nullify it so that the bath must be repeated in order to make it legitimate and truly in the holy state. Here are 15 things that cancel mandatory bathing (men and women).
- Not Done the Right Way
The most correct way to take a bath is to follow the method narrated by Imam At-Tirmizi:
- Read bismillah while intending to clean up a large hadas.
- Wash your hands 3 times.
- Wash the genitals from dirt.
- Perform ablution as usual except feet. Feet washed after bathing later.
- Wash all hair on the head.
- Wash your head along with your ears 3 times with 3 times draw water.
- Flatten water throughout the body on the right side of the stomach from top to bottom.
- Flatten water throughout the body on the left side of the stomach from top to bottom.
- Rub difficult parts such as the center, armpits, knees, etc. to get exposed to water.
- Wash feet.
If it is not in accordance with the proper mandatory bathing procedure, the bath must be invalid.
- Not Comply With the Pillars of Mandatory Requirement
There are three pillars of bath:
- This intention is only spoken in the heart and does not need to be spoken orally.
- Remove dirt and impurities on the body. If there is impurity in the body, washing it can coincide with mandatory bathing. This means that unclean cleaning can be combined with compulsory bathing.
- Flatten the entire last limb (visible) including all body folds. (Sayyid Sabiq, Fiqh Sunnah). Includes skin and hair on the body.
If it does not fulfill the pillars, the bath must also be invalid.
- Not Reading Intention
The intention of bathing must be said when starting to take a bath. If the intention is recited after someone has washed his limbs, the bath must be invalid and he must repeat his intention when starting to wash water to his body. Likewise, if someone intends before the water reaches the body, the intention is also invalid and he must repeat his intention while washing his body.
- Not Using Clean Water
Bathing must be done using clean water. Null and void if using water instead of clean water except in conditions of water crisis which if it happens, you are allowed to do tayamum.
- Do Not Pour Water Throughout the Body
“In the past, if the Messenger of Allāh wanted to take a bath of janabah (junub), he washed his hands, then poured water from his right hand into his left hand, then washed his cock, then inhabited as residents for prayer, then he took the water and put his fingers into the base of the hair. Until he considered it enough, he poured it over his head 3 times. After that he poured his whole body. Then he washed his feet.” (Narrated by Al Bukhari and Muslim)
- Hair in A State of Unraveling
If someone’s hair is ponytailed or bun (male or female), if it does not get water into it, the pigtails or bun must be opened. The hairs in the nostrils are not required to be washed because they are considered inner (invisible/zahir). But if the feathers in the nose are filthy, they must also be washed.
- Using Hair Material that Can Not Be Penetrated (Hair Coloring, etc.)
What causes compulsory bathing is the person who uses dye in his hair is nullified because the dye will wrap his hair and block the water from reaching his hair. This is different from Inai. Inai will only seep into the hair, but the dye will actually wrap the hair and cause water to be blocked into the hair.
- There Is Still Dirt Inside Your Nails
Regarding nails, if there is dirt in the nails that can block the water from reaching the body, especially at the bottom of the nail, it must be removed first. Removing dirt in the nail can be done while bathing. Likewise, with nails colored with nail polish (which is shiny in the nails if used) must be cleaned first, because if not, there will be parts of the body that are not exposed to water. Except if the dye used is inai.
- Not Cover the Aurat When Bathing in Front of People
Surely shame is part of faith. However, in fact we still find some Muslims who take off their clothes and stand in public places, such as rivers or sea edges for Friday baths or bathing in front of people without feeling embarrassed.
- Covering the Head when Bathing
There are some people who put something on their head during a bath because they are worried if their hair is wet. In fact, it can prevent the entry of water. This is a big mistake. The purifying practice becomes less perfect because they cover something that should be washed.
- There Are Objects on the Skin that Cannot be Penetrated by Water
“If on the surface of the skin there is sap or something sticky so that it prevents the arrival of water from the skin then the ablution is invalid, until he removes it from the ablution member, or he cleanses it, until it is believed that water will reach his skin, and there is not another barrier.” (al-Umm, 1:44)
- There is A Body Part that is Still Dry
The hadith from Ibn Abbas, that the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam had seen a body part that had not been exposed to water after bathing, then he squeezed his wet hair, to wipe the dry part. (Narrated by Ibn Majah 663)
- Not In Accordance with Order
He said muwalah followed the Shari’a for order. While orderly only applies if there are two different limbs while the body of a person who is junub is like one limb.
- Has a Body Care that Can Not Be Penetrated
“Allah cursed the tattooist, the person tattooed, al-mutanamishah, and the person who stretched his teeth, for beauty, who changed God’s creation.” (Narrated by Bukhari 4886, Muslim 2125, and others). “The ban is for eyebrows and the ends of the face…”
(Sharh Shahih Muslim, 14/106). “An-Namishah is a woman who shaves the fur of another woman’s eyebrows or thins it to make it look more beautiful while Al-Mutanamishah is a woman who tells others to shave her eyebrows.” (Dalil al-Falihin, 8: 482)
Eyebrow embroidery or lip embroidery and other forms of beauty care certainly cannot be penetrated by water and change Allah’s creation because it must be repaired first, for example, by removing it, but if it is already done and the person is in repentance, junub bathing can be done according to Islamic Shari’a and begging forgiveness of Allah and really trying to eliminate these prohibited treatments.
- Have a Tattoo on the Body
Rasulullah s.a.w. curses a woman who tattoo and asked for tattooing and who filed teeth and asked for a tooth. (HR At-Thabarani). Tattoo is certainly made of ink that enters the skin and cannot be penetrated by ablution so that bathing must be invalid or null, but there are special conditions, for example, for people who repent and have not been able to remove the tattoo then given the lightness to still be able to take a bath according to the advice of Islam and submit everything to Allah and beg forgiveness to Allah because when doing a tattoo in a condition that does not yet know, his sins are forgiven as long as he repents really sincerely and is truly aware of his mistake.
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